The purpose of all Commercial Property Condition Assessments (PCAs), ASTM standard E2018, is to make sure that the property and building you believe you are purchasing or leasing is actually the property being received. You will have reached that decision, in part, from the information attained via a professional inspection and Property Condition Report (PCR). Every real estate transaction is different and each transaction has its own unique set of considerations and conditions to validate before finalized. The utilization of professional third party experts in the physical property due diligence process is critical to the overall accuracy and cost efficiency of your property transaction.
The Purchase or Leasing of Commercial real estate, whether it be a basic commercial net lease, a commercial triple net lease, the purchase of a church facility, a retail outlet, or the purchase of a million square foot office/warehouse, the prospective buyer or lessee absolutely must conduct an adequate level of due diligence when investigating the physical quality of the commercial real estate they are investing in.
You need to know not only the physical characteristics of the real estate and buildings being acquired, but the approximate condition and age, to assess the good with the bad, such that you can adequately balance the risks and rewards being offered in conjunction with your real estate deal. The single most important part of the real estate transaction process, aside from the purchase price and profitability balance, is a well-documented review of the actual physical condition of the real property. Otherwise, you could find yourself the not so proud owner of a commercial property that, doesn’t suit your needs, costs more than you can afford in upkeep, or the ultimate remorse for investors – capital expenditures are being sunk into a property on a regular basis that someone else is utilizing and making money off of, and you are not. Suddenly, that long term lease with a solid anchor doesn’t seem so attractive anymore.
The process of commercial real estate inspection begins before the offer to purchase real estate is drafted or signed, by visiting the site and discussing the physical condition of the property with the Owner and real estate brokers. This process should be considered invaluable to establishing relationships required to obtain the information that will be necessary to concrete your due diligence with a Commercial Property Condition Assessment (PCA). During negotiations and drafting of the real estate sales/lease contract it is important to recognize seller or lessor reluctance to points such as the existence and availability of important documents such as warranties, maintenance contracts, architectural and engineering plans and/or local municipality reviews and inspections. Negative reaction to the request for release of these documents by seller or lessor can imply possible deferred maintenance and/or inattention related to property and building condition(s) and inspection issues.
Once the commercial real estate sales contract is signed the due diligence period begins, focus on maximizing efficiency of time and cost and prioritizing concerns to start checking off the costly big ticket items from the top down. Assuming adequate documentation is furnished by the seller for review, adequate time should be allotted to verify the information provided. Additional effort and monies that that will need to be spent to make up a shortcoming of available documentation through extra property condition assessment and additional field inspections and/or experts should be considered essential and figured into the cost of the property transaction. Ask the seller for all documents and contacts the seller received during his due diligence process when he purchased the property to speed up fact finding.